Assurance Meaning In Nepali

Assurance Meaning In Nepali – WES Reviewer Dragana Borenovic Dilas, WES Research Associate Jean Cui and Research Editor Stefan Trines,

This country profile describes current trends in education and student mobility in Nepal and provides an overview of Nepal’s education system. It replaces Nick Clarke’s previous version published in 2013.

Assurance Meaning In Nepali

Assurance Meaning In Nepali

Nepal is the most important country to send international students. In the United States, the number of Nepalese students increased by more than 20 percent in 2016/17, by far the highest increase among the top 25 sending countries. This makes Nepal one of the countries struggling with the “Trump effect”, which led to an overall drop in new international student enrollments in 2016/17.

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Limited education and employment opportunities in Nepal are among the factors driving the exodus of Nepalese students. Political instability – there were nine different governments between 2008 and 2016 alone – and a devastating earthquake in 2015 worsened the country’s social situation. However, the government is trying to improve the education system through reforms, such as extending primary school education to eight years.

Nepal is a small country of 29 million people located at the top of the world. Nepal has eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, including Mount Everest, which is located between the mega countries of China and India. The mountainous region of the landlocked country poses many challenges to socio-economic development, making it difficult and expensive to expand Nepal’s infrastructure. In 2015, Nepal was ranked 144th out of 188 countries in the UN Human Development Index, remaining one of the slowest countries in Asia. According to the Asian Development Bank, in 2010/11, about 25 percent of the population lived on less than $1 a day.

Another obstacle to social and economic development is the earthquake resistance of Nepal. In 2015, this country experienced two consecutive earthquakes, one of which was the strongest in more than 80 years. In this tragic event, more than 8,600 people were killed and many parts of the country’s infrastructure, including about 500,000 houses and more than 9,300 schools, were destroyed or damaged. As a result of the natural disaster, hundreds of thousands of families were displaced and more than 700 thousand people fell into poverty. The impact on the education system has been catastrophic and recovery is slow. One year after the earthquake, more than 70 percent of the victims in the worst-hit areas were still living in temporary shelters. Many children had to study in temporary camps, which led to a noticeable increase in dropouts and re-grading. As of January 2018, only 88,112 private houses and 2,891 schools have been rebuilt.

One of the reasons for the slow progress of reconstruction is the high level of political instability and fragmentation of Nepal. Nepalese society remains largely agrarian and highly stratified, with upper-caste Hindu elites dominating the multicultural society that includes 125 ethnic groups/castes that speak 123 languages ​​(according to the latest 2011 census). Only 44.6 percent of the population speaks Nepali, the national language of Nepal, as their first language.

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Although Hindus make up a majority of 81.3 percent of the population, there are deep caste divisions within Hindu society. Marginalization and deprivation of the lower classes, especially them

(“untouchables”) and other groups such as Buddhists and Muslims (10 and 4 percent of the population respectively) have been a source of conflict for decades. The lower classes and other marginalized groups have less access to basic services and education and less opportunity for social advancement. Similarly, Nepal is characterized by large regional disparities and urban-rural divides between developed areas such as the Kathmandu Valley and less developed rural areas.

In recent years, Nepal has witnessed a violent 10-year insurgency by Maoists (from 1996 to 2006) and the temporary restoration of an absolute monarchy within a monarchy.

Assurance Meaning In Nepali

In 2001. The 2006 peace accord paved the way for the re-democratization of the political system, culminating in Nepal’s first parliamentary elections on 17 March 2017.

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But it remains to be seen whether parliamentary elections and the adoption of a comprehensive federal constitution can help curb political instability and unrest in Nepal. The political process is still characterized by political infighting and corruption. Both the adoption of the new Constitution in 2015 and the parliamentary elections in 2017 were followed by violent protests. But while political disruptions have so far slowed progress on many fronts, most experts agree that federalism is the preferred form of government for an ethnically and religiously diverse and fragmented country like Nepal. The development of the political system is also of great importance in promoting educational reforms.

It should also be noted that Nepal’s economy continues to grow despite political unrest and natural disasters. While the 2015 earthquake disrupted economic output and was followed by weak economic growth in 2016, Nepal’s economy has recovered rapidly. According to the Asian Development Bank, Nepal’s gross domestic product grew by 6.9 percent in fiscal year 2017 and is expected to grow by another 4.7 percent in fiscal year 2018. While extreme poverty remains a real problem, poverty is declining, as the country’s middle class has grown from 7 percent in 1995 to 22 percent in 2011, according to World Bank definitions.

International student movement in Nepal is mostly outward. While there is little official data on foreign student enrollment in Nepal, inbound traffic to Nepal is small by international standards. The lack of high-quality universities, scholarships, and graduate job opportunities in Nepal’s smaller economy limits the country’s attractiveness as a destination for international students. While neighboring countries are often the source of student flow, this is not the case in Nepal either – neither India nor China send large numbers of students. In 2011, the only year for which the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) provides data, there were 107 international students in Nepal. The Institute of International Education (IIE) reports that 370 American students studied in Nepal in 2016/17 (Open Doors)

On the other hand, outward mobility is high: Between 2000 and 2016, the number of Nepali students studying abroad increased by 835 percent, reaching 44,255 students in 2017 (UIS). And although this number is lower than the number of foreign students from the main sending countries in Asia, such as China, India or Vietnam, it is worth noting that the rate of outward movement in Nepal – ie. the number of international students among all students – in Nepal is much higher than in these major sending countries. Nepal’s outbound traffic has nearly doubled in the past decade and is now more than twelve times that of neighboring India. In 2016, the mobility rate in Nepal was 12.3 percent compared to 0.9 percent, 1.9 percent and 3 percent in India, China and Vietnam (UIS).

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The rise in the movement of Nepalese students is not entirely surprising. Nepal is a highly mobile country, and the recent increase in student mobility coincides with a large increase in emigration from Nepal over the past decade. Currently, about 28 percent of Nepal’s labor force (4 million out of 14 million workers) is working abroad. Like these workers, many foreign students leave the country due to limited higher education in Nepal, high youth unemployment, and better education prospects and job opportunities abroad.

The movement of outbound students from Nepal is likely to increase in the near future. The country’s population is getting richer and growing by the day – the government expects the population to grow from 29 million to 33.6 million by 2031. Demographically, Nepal is currently experiencing a “youth boom”: World Bank data shows that the proportion of college-age youth in Nepal’s population (ages 20 to 29) was about 36 percent in 2016, and experts expect that Nepal will grow rapidly from 18 to 22 years in the coming years.

This increase in the number of young people increases the demand for education and burdens the education system. As noted by ICEF Monitor, the situation in Nepal mirrors patterns in other South Asian countries, where rapidly growing demand for education outstrips supply. The movement is expected to grow especially at the graduate level – a sector that is underdeveloped in Nepal, where less than one percent of universities offer doctoral degrees. program, for example. The British Council noted in a recent study that Nepal, along with countries like China, India, Pakistan and Nigeria, will be one of the top ten countries with the highest growth in overseas traffic in the next ten years. The council expects the number of Nepalese international students to increase by an additional 20,000 by 2027.

Assurance Meaning In Nepali

The most popular destinations for Nepali students to study abroad are Australia, India, USA, Japan and UK (UIS). In recent years, the number of Nepali students in Australia has increased, with Nepal in third place

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