White Spot Pigmentation Of Skin – Medically Reviewed by Amanda Caldwell, MSN, APRN-C — Corey Whelan and Heather Hobbs — Updated April 19, 2023
White spots on the skin can occur with a variety of conditions, including eczema. Treatment may include topical products and medications, depending on the cause.
White Spot Pigmentation Of Skin
White spots on the skin are usually nothing to worry about and can be treated at home. Read on to learn some of the most common causes, how to treat them, and when to talk to your doctor.
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White spots can appear on the skin due to medical conditions and skin disorders. Some causes may be due to fungi, autoimmune conditions, or genetics.
Tinea versicolor causes spots that are lighter or darker than the surrounding skin. They can get bigger over time, especially when the air is warm and humid. They can be seen in shades:
Everyone has microscopic fungi living on their skin, but people with tinea versicolor experience fungal overgrowth.
It can affect people of any nationality. Teenagers can be more sensitive than people in other age groups because their skin is oilier.
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Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is an inflammatory skin disease. You may experience dry, itchy skin that may ooze a clear liquid when you scratch.
The spots may look different depending on the skin tone. If you have lighter skin, your skin is affected
Over time, the areas of the body most affected by eczema can become thick, dry and scaly. Eczema rashes can flare up and go away without a clear pattern. You can also go years without symptoms.
In children, but it can affect people of any age. It could be a life situation. It usually starts before the age of five, but it can also start in childhood. It is also common in people with allergies, such as hay fever.
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Vitiligo occurs when certain skin cells called melanocytes stop producing melanin. It can be an autoimmune disease caused by the body’s immune system destroying melanocytes. Melanin is the pigment that gives color to the skin, hair and eyes. Without pigment, white spots are formed.
Vitiligo causes patches of skin without pigment. Spots can appear anywhere on the body. Jasmin Merdan/Getty Images
Vitiligo can affect people of all races and genders. It may be more visible on skin color.
These spots can appear anywhere on the body. Vitiligo is usually symmetrical, although it can appear on only one side of the body. Common areas affected by vitiligo include:
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, but it can happen at any age. Sometimes it can be caused by an event, such as a sunburn or exposure to chemicals. Vitiligo can also be linked to genetics or autoimmune diseases, such as hyperthyroidism and Addison’s disease.
Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis causes mild white patches. Created by Samuel Freire da Silva, M.D. in honor of master and professor Dels Bringel Calheiros. Image taken from Dermatology Atlas
Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis (IGH) appears as small white spots on the skin. It affects areas that get a lot of sunlight, like hands and feet. The white spots are painless and bright.
In fair-skinned older people, but it can affect people of all races. Spots may be more visible in people of color.
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Pityriasis alba usually starts as slightly scaly plaques on the chin and cheeks. They may appear paler than the surrounding skin. They can be round, oval or irregular in shape, and are usually dry and scaly to the touch. The patches may disappear on their own or become lighter over time.
Affect children and adolescents. It is also more likely to occur in people of color. Pityriasis alba can be associated with eczema.
Lichen sclerosus is a rare disease that occurs in young and elderly people. In people who have a vagina, this can cause white patches on the thin skin, usually around the anus and vulva. In men with a penis, the disorder tends to involve the foreskin.
Lichen sclerosus usually affects the skin in the genital area, but it can also appear on other parts of the body. Mediscan / Alamy
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Mild cases may show no other visible symptoms. However, when other symptoms do occur, they may include:
Lichen sclerosus has no known cause, although it may be a hormonal imbalance or an overactive immune system.
These symptoms usually disappear in cold weather, but may reappear when the temperature and humidity rise. Treatment at the earliest stage can help break this cycle.
If your symptoms are mild, you can try home remedies with over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal products. Antifungicide helps reduce yeast, eliminate or reduce stains. Topical medications include:
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Depending on how severe your symptoms are, it may take weeks or months for the spots to disappear. Often the skin reappears.
If home treatment isn’t enough, your dermatologist may prescribe stronger topical creams or oral medications. You may need to repeat the treatment periodically.
Eczema treatment focuses on managing symptoms. You may be able to reduce symptoms by keeping your skin healthy and lubricated.
If these solutions aren’t enough, your doctor may recommend topical corticosteroids or other treatments, depending on the type of eczema you have.
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Vitiligo treatment is cosmetic and aims to restore color to the affected skin. With some therapies, it can be trial and error.
Some people with vitiligo find that using concealing cosmetics is the most effective option for reducing the appearance of white patches.
You may need to take steps to avoid sun exposure, such as wearing sunscreen or protective clothing. Exposure to the sun can cause long-term skin damage.
In severe cases of vitiligo, surgical treatment may be an option. Your doctor can talk to you about what’s right for you.
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There are only a few options for treating freckles after sun exposure. If you want to reduce the appearance of these white spots, talk to your doctor about calcineurin inhibitors or laser treatment.
Pityriasis usually goes away on its own, but it can recur. Treatments used to reduce whiteheads include:
Treatment for this condition attempts to reduce itching and scarring and to eliminate further thinning of the skin. They can also improve the appearance of the skin.
White spots often disappear on their own. If it lasts longer than a few weeks or you do not see it, see your doctor. They can help determine the cause and advise on treatment options.
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Doctors often need little more than a visual assessment of the skin to make a diagnosis. In some cases, a biopsy may be taken.
If your spots are accompanied by intense pain or itching that interferes with your daily life, you should see your doctor immediately.
Various skin conditions can cause white patches on the skin. Other symptoms you experience can help your doctor determine the cause.
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Whiteheads can occur when skin proteins or dead cells become trapped beneath the surface of the skin. This can be due to depigmentation or loss of color, due to vitiligo or other medical conditions.
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However, it is important to have the white spot examined by a dermatologist to understand the cause and the best way to treat it.
Various conditions and health factors can cause white spots to appear on different parts of the body.
These patches are usually asymptomatic, 1-3 millimeters (mm) in size, and usually appear first on the legs before moving to the arms, upper back, and face.
Researchers aren’t sure what causes sunspots. Causes may include a lack of a skin pigment called melanin. Sunspots also run in families. It is more likely to appear after the age of 40.
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While excessive sun exposure without protection can contribute to the risk of skin cancer, sunspots alone do not indicate the development of cancer.
In people with tinea versicolor (TV), the fungi that normally live on the surface of the skin cannot be controlled.
The fungus causes dry, scaly, itchy patches that are lighter or darker than the surrounding skin. These spots are usually slow growing and often clump together.
Sometimes TV symptoms appear only when a person blacks out. The condition is widespread, and symptoms are usually more pronounced in warm, humid environments.
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Pityriasis alba (PA) is a relatively common, noncancerous skin disease that causes red, scaly, itchy patches. This spot eventually heals and leaves a pale white spot.
PA usually develops in children between the ages of 3 and 16 and usually affects the face, but it can also.
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